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2018年成人高考高升专|本《英语》考试大纲

来源:湖南大学成人高考 发布时间:2018-08-02 10:42 点击次数: 湖南大学成人高考报名

全国各类成人高等学校招生复习考试大纲
英语
英语复习考试范围包括语音、词汇、语法、日常交际用语、阅读和写作等方面。
英语复习考试在记忆、理解和综合应用这三个层次上检测考生掌握英语的水平:
记忆:能记住本大纲规定的语音、语法知识;能记住单词的拼写、读音、基本词义及主要用法;能记住本大纲规定的短语和习惯用语的意思和主要用法。
理解:能正确使用语音、语法和日常交际用语知识;能够理解各种语言现象;能够读懂适当难度英语的语言材料。
综合应用:能够使用本大纲规定的各类语言知识,整体理解不同形式的语篇;根据特定要求比较连贯、得体地表达自己的意思。
一、复习考试内容
语音
熟悉英语字母及常用字母组合在单词中的读音。了解英语的基本语调以及使用语调的规则,并能在实践中运用这些规则。能在简单的日常会话中使用比较自然的语音语调。
词汇
掌握2000个左右常用英语单词和一定数量的短语和习惯用语,对单词能认、会读,知道词义及其在语句中的作用。对在一般交际中使用频率高的单词和短语会拼写、能正确使用。知道一些常用词的近义词和反义词。能够根据上下文或利用基本的构词法知识推断语篇中生词的含义。
语法
1.词类
1)名词
2)形容词
3)副词
4)动词
5)代词
6)冠词
7)数词
8)介词
9)连词
10)感叹词
2.  名词
1)可数和不可数名词
2)名词的复数形式
3)专有名词
4)所有格
3.  代词
1)人称代词
2)物主代词
3)反身代词
4)指示代词
5)不定代词
6)疑问代词
4.数词
1)基数词
2)序数词
5.介词
6.连词
7.形容词
1)形容词作定语、表语和宾语补足语的用法
2)比较等级:原级、比较级、最高级
8.副词
1)时间、地点、方式、程度、疑问、连接、关系等副词的用法
2)比较等级:原级、比较级、最高级
9.冠词的一般用法
10.动词
1)动词的基本形式
(1)现在式
(2)过去式
(3)过去分词
(4)- ing形式
2)行为动词的及物性和不及物性
3)连系动词be,get,look,seem,turn,grow, become等
4)助动词be,do,have,shall,will等
5)情态动词 can, may, must, ought, need, dare等
6)动词的时态
(1)一般现在时
(2)一般过去时
(3)一般将来时
(4)现在进行时
(5)过去进行时
(6)现在完成时
(7)过去完成时
(8)过去将来时
7)动词的被动语态
(1)一般现在时的被动语态
(2)一般过去时的被动语态
(3)一般将来时的被动语态
(4)现在进行时的被动语态
(5)现在完成时的被动语态
(6)带情态动词的被动语态
8)动词的不定式
(1)作主语
(2)作宾语
(3)作宾语补足语
(4)作状语
(5)作定语
(6)作表语
(7)用在how,when, where,what, which,who, whether:等后面
9)动词的过去分词
(1)作定语
(2)作表语
(3)作宾语补足语
(4)作状语
10)动词的-ing形式
(1)作主语
(2)作宾语
(3)作宾语补足语
(4)作表语
(5)作定语
(6)作状语
11.句子
1)句子的种类
(1)陈述句(肯定式和否定式)
(2)疑问句(一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句)
(3)祈使句
(4)感叹句
2)句子的成分
(1)主语
(2)谓语
(3)表语
(4)宾语
(5)直接宾语和间接宾语
(6)宾语补足语
(7)定语
(8)状语
3)主谓的一致关系
4)简单句的五种基本句型
5)并列句
6)复合句
(1)名词性从句
(2)状语从句
(3)定语从句
7)倒装句
8)省略句
12.  构词法
1)合成法 blackboard,man-made, overthrow, however, everyone
2)转换法hand(n.)ーhand(v.)— break(v.)ー break(n); empty(adj-)— empty(v.)
3)派生法
A加前缀:non-,un-,in-,dis-,re -
B.加后缀:-er,-ion,-ese,-ist,-ing,-ment,-ness,  - ian ,     - ify,  - ize,  - ise,  - en,  - able,  - ful,  - y,  -ive,  - al,  -an,  -ly,  -teen,  -ty
日常交际用语
1.问候 Greetings
Good morning/afternoon/evening. Hello/Hi! How are you? Fine, thank you. And you? Very well, thank you.
2.  介绍 Introductions
a. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms…I’d like you to meet…
b. How do you do? Nice/Glad/Pleased to see/meet you.
c. My name is…  I'm a(student/teacher, etc ).
d. I'm Chinese.
3.告别 Farewells
a. Im afraid I must be leaving now. I think it's time for us to leave now.
b. good-bye! (bye-bye! Bye! )See you later/tomorrow. (See you. ) Good night.
4.感谢和应答 Thanks and responses
a. Thank you (very much). Thanks a lot Many thanks. Thanks for …
b. it's very kind of you to.. Not at all. it's/that's all right. you're welcome.
5.祝愿、祝贺和应答 Good wishes, congratulations and responses
a. Good luck! Best wishes to you!  I wish you good luck/success!  Have a nice/good time.
b. Thank you. The same to you.
c. Happy New Year! Merry Christmas!  Happy birthday(to you).
6.道歉、遗憾、同情和应答 Apologies, regrets, sympathies and responses
a. Sorry/Pardon. I’m sorry. I’m sorry for/about… I’m sorry to hear.
b. Excuse me (for…)I’m afraid of... What a pity/shame!
c. That’s all right. It doesn’t matter. That’s nothing
7.邀请和应答 Invitations and responses.
a. Will you come to...? Would you like to.. .? I’d like to invite you to…
b. Yes, Id love to (...).Yes, it's very kind/nice of you.
c. Id love to, but…
8.提供(帮助等)和应答 Offers and responses
a. Can/Could/Shall I help you? Is there anything(else)I can do for you? Do you want me to...? What can I do for you? Let me do/carry/help…(for you). Would you like some…?
b. Thanks. That would be nice/fine That’s kind of you. Thank you for your help. Yes,please. Here, take this/my…
c. No, thanks/thank you. Thank you all the same. that's very kind of you, but…
9.约会 Making appointments
a. Are you/Will you be free this aftemoon /tomorrow? How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening? Shall we meet at 4: 30 at…?
b.Yes,that’s all right.Yes,I’ll be free then.
c. No, I won't be free then. But I’ll be free…
d. All right. See you then.
10.意愿和希望 Intentions and wishes
a. i'm going to..I will..Id like to.. I(do not )want/hope to…
b. I want/hope/ wish to
11.请求、允许和应答 Asking for permission and responses
a. May I...? Can/Could I…?
b. Yes/Sure/Certainly. Yes, (do)please. Of course ( you may). Go ahead, please.Thats OK/all right. Not at all.
c. I'm sorry you can’t. I’m sorry, but… Youd better not.
12.同意和不同意 Agreement and disagreement
a. Certainly/Sure/Of course. No problem. Yes, please. Yes, I think so. that's true. All right/OK. that' s a good idea. I/We agree (with you).
b. No, I dont think so. Im afraid not. Im afraid I (really )can't agree with you.
13.喜好和厌恶 Likes and dislikes
a. I like/love.. (very much). I like/love to…
b. I don't like (to)... I hate(to)…
14.决断和坚持 Determination, decision and insistence
I will...I have decided to/that…
15.判断和意见 Judgement and opinion
a. Well done/Good work!
b. In my opinion, … It seems …
16.能力 Ability
I can.. He is able to…
17.肯定和不肯定 Certainty and uncertainty)
a. I’m sure( of that).I’m sure(that)…
b. I’m not sure (of that).I’m not sure whether/if…
c. Perhaps/Maybe.
18.禁止和警告 Prohibition and warnings
a. You can'tmustn't… If you…, you’ll…  you'd better not do it. Don't smoke! Don't be late!
b. Look out! Take care!Be careful!
19.可能和不可能 Possibility and impossibility He can/may…    It is possible that…
20.预见、猜测和相信 Prediction, conjecture and belief
a. He will…
b. It seems(that)...
c. I believe that he is right.
21.请求 Requests
a. Can/Will/Could/Would you. for me? Will/Can/Could/Would you please...? May I have…?
b. Please give/pass me.. Please wait(here/a moment ). Please wait(for )your turn. Please stand in line/line up. Please hurry.
c. don't rush (hurry)/crowd. No noise, please, No smoking, please
22.  动告和建议 Advice and suggestions.
a. you'd better (hot)...You should/ought to... You need(to)…
b. Shall we…?  Let’s..What/How about...?  Why not…?  Why don't you…?
23.许诺 Promises I promise... I will give..to you.
24.表示焦虑 Expressing anxiety what’s wrong? What’s the matter( with you)?I’m/He’s/ she’s worried. Oh,what shall I/we do?
25.表示惊奇 Expressing surprise Really? Oh dear! Is that so? Good heavens!
26.表示喜悦 Expressing pleasure   I’m glad/pleased/happy to. That’s nice/wonderful/great.
27.谈论天气 Talking about the weather
a. what's the weather like today? How’s the weather in…?
b. It's fine/cloudy/windy/rainy.. It's getting cold/warm..It's rather warm/cold/hot.. today. Isn’t it? It's a beautiful day today.
28.购物 Shopping
a. What can I do for you? May/Can I help you?
b. I want/Id like…How much is it? That’s too expensive, I’m afraid. That’s fine. I’ll take it. Let me have. ..
c. How many/much do you want? What color/size/kind do you want?
d. Do you have any other kind/size/color, etc.?
29.问路和应答 Asking the way and responses
a. Excuse me. where's the men's/ ladies’ room? Excuse me. Can you tell me the way to.? How can I get to..?  I don't know the way.
b. Go down this street. Turn right/left at the first/second crossing. It's about .. metres from here. Go straight ahead till you see.
30.  问时间、日期和应答 Asking the time, date and responses
a. What day is (it )today? what's the date today? Excuse me. What time is it by your watch? what's the time, please?
b. It’s Monday/Tuesday…It’s January 10th. It’s five o’clock/five thirty(half past five)/a quarter past(to)six. it's time for/to..
31.就餐 Taking meals
a. What would you like(to have)? Would you like something(to eat drink )?
b. I'd like…Coke/Two eggs…please
c. Would you like some more.. Help yourself to some
d. Thank you. I’ve had enough. I’m full, thank you. Just a little, please.
32.打电话 Making phone call
a. Hello! Is he( Tom)in? May/Could I speak to…? Is that…(speaking)?
b. Hold on, please Hello, who is it? He/She isn’t here right now. Can I take a message for you?
c. Hello, this is…speaking. I called to tell/ask you…
          33.传递信息Passing on a message a. Will you please give this note/ message to . .? b..asked me to give you this note. c. Thanks for the message.
34.看病 Seeing the doctor
a. there's something wrong with..I’ve got a headache and a cough. I feel terrible (bad). I don't feel well
b. Take this medicine three times a day. Drink plenty of water and have a good rest. it's nothing serious. You'll be all right/well soon
35.求救 Calling for help
a. Help! Thief!
b. what's the matter?
36.语言困难 Language difficulties Pardon? Would you please say that again/more slowly? What do you mean by.. ? I'm sorry I can't follow you. I’m sorry I know only a little English.
二、考试形式及试卷结构
考试方法和时间
闭卷。笔答。考试时间为120分钟。试卷满分为150分。
试题内容比例及题型
一、语音知识                                               约5%
二、词汇与语法知识                                     约15%
三、完形填空                                               约20%
四、阅读理解                                               约30%
五、补全对话                                               约10%
六、书面表达                                               约20%
语音知识  题型为选择题,共5个小题。每小题列出四个单词,每个单词中均有划线标明的一个字母或字母组合。要求考生辨别划线部分的读音,找出那个读音不同于组内其他划线部分读音的单词。
词汇与语法知识  题型为选择题,共15个小题。每小题是一个留有空白的不完整的英语句子。要求考生在小题下面的四个选项中,选出可以填入句中空白处的最佳的一项。
完形填空  题型为选择题。本题向考生提供一篇200词左右的短文。文中留出15处空白,文后为每个空白提供四个选项,要求考生在通读全文领会大意的基础上,根据已经掌握的词汇、语法知识并结合常识分析判断,从选项中为每个空白选出最佳的一项,使全篇成为内容连贯、没有语言错误的文章。
阅读理解  题型为选择题,共15个小题。本题向考生提供三至四段短文,总阅读量不少于1000个词。短文题材涉及日常生活、史地、文化、科技常识、人物传记等。体裁有记叙文、说明文、应用文等。每篇短文后有数量不等的问题或不完整的句子。要求考生在仔细阅读短文以后,从每个问题或不完整的句子下面的四个选项中,选出可以用来回答问题或补全句子的最佳的选项。考生应能通过阅读掌握短文的主旨大意、主要事实、有关细节以及上下文的逻辑关系等;既能看懂字面意思,又能推断出隐含意思;既能回答就文章局部细节提出的问题,又能回答有关文章总体内容的问题。
补全对话  题型为自由应答题。本题向考生提供一段不完整的对话,要求考生根据试题说明中交待的背景和情节,把对话中缺少的部分补写出来。考生除应掌握必要的词汇、语法知识外,还要熟悉英语中有关日常生活的常用表达方式,例如:问候、告别、介绍、感谢、道歉、邀请、提议、命令、请求、愿意或不愿意、同意或不同意等。
书面表达  题型为写作题。要求考生根据所给情景,用英语写一篇100个单词左右的短文。情景包括目的、对象、时间、地点、内容等;提供情景的形式有图画、图表、提纲等。
考试内容、题量、计分和时间安排如下:
题号 内容 题量 计分 参考时间(分钟)
语音 5 7.5 3
词汇与语法 15 22.5 7
完形填空 15 30 20
阅读理解 15 45 40
补全对话 5 15 10
书面表达 1 30 40
总计   56 150 120
 
试题难易比例                                                               
较容易题                                                                      约40%                                                               
中等难度题                                                                   约50%
较难题                                                                          约10% 
 
 
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